A favorite in late fall. Easy to grow, selected for northern climates, need 2 for cross pollinization. All cultivars well suited for zones 5 to 6. Native to North America growing from Mexico to Minnesota. Historically, pecans were planted by the Native Americans along waterways. While not all pecans are created equal the trees themselves have evolved and been bred to adapt to different climates and weather conditions. For example, Northern pecan cultivars have been adapted to shorter growing seasons. Trees are selected based on disease resistance and pest resistance.
For nut production, pecans must be pollinated by the cultivar's corresponding pollinator type (Type 1 or Type 2).
- Kanza - Nuts are large at about 65 nuts per pound and about 50% kernel. Matures early, ripens in Kentucky at elevation 1800 feet, in late October. Very Productive, tree leaves out late and is annual producer. Typically produces nuts 3 to 5 years after planting. Type 2
- Mandan- Nuts ripen very early. This cultivar also has excellent pest and disease resistance. Nuts are very large for a northern variety and will easily crack out full halves. Approx. 53 nuts per pound. 60% kernel/shell ratio. Trees leaf out late, have an upright growth pattern with strong limbs and a good structure. Type 1
- Pawnee- Is a precocious producer of large nuts at 50 to 60 nuts per pound, thin shell, high quality pecans. Has a high yield potential with early nut maturity and regular bearing potential. Pawnee is a Northern type Pecan
Other pecan cultivars include Oconee type 1, Ellis Type 2
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